Herein, we describe the growth of Si nanowires (NWs) in the vapor phase of an organic solvent medium on various substrates (Si, glass, and stainless steel) upon which an indium layer was evaporated. Variation of the reaction time allowed NW length and density to be controlled. The NWs grew via a predominantly root-seeded mechanism with discrete In catalyst seeds formed from the evaporated layer. The NWs and substrates were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The suitability of the indium seeded wires as anode components in Li batteries was probed using cyclic voltammetric (CV) measurements. The route represents a versatile, glassware-based method for the formation of Si NWs directly on a variety of substrates.
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