Anne Beaucamp1, Muhammad Muddasar1, Ibrahim Saana Amiinu2, Marina Moraes Leite2, Mario Culebras3, Kenneth Latha4, María C. Gutiérrez5, Daily Rodriguez-Padron6, Francisco del Monte5, Tadhg Kennedy2,7, Kevin M. Ryan2,7, Rafael Luque6, Maria-Magdalena Titirici4 and Maurice N. Collins*1,7
1Stokes Laboratories, School of Engineering, Bernal Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.
2Department of Chemical Sciences, Bernal Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.
3Institute of Material Science, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.
4Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London, London, SW7 2AZ UK.
5Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (ICMM), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Calle Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, 3, Campus de Cantoblanco, 28033, Madrid, Spain.
6Departamento de Química Orgánica, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus de Rabanales, Edificio Marie Curie (C-3), Ctra Nnal IV-A, Km 396, 14014 Cordoba, Spain.
7SFI AMBER Centre, University of Limerick, Ireland.
Correspondence: Maurice N. Collins (Maurice.firstname.lastname@example.org)
Received: 21st July 2022, Accepted: 5th October 2022, First published: 12th October 2022
Lignin is produced in large quantities as a by-product of the papermaking and biofuel industries. Lignin is the most abundant aromatic biopolymer on the planet with its chemical structure rendering it ideal for carbon materials production and finely tailored architectures of these sustainable carbon materials are beginning to find use in high value energy applications. This review focuses on lignin chemistry, various lignin extraction and fractionation techniques, and their impact on lignin structure/property relationships for energy applications are discussed. Chemistries behind important and emerging energy applications from recent research on this increasingly valuable sustainable polymer are described.