Axial Si–Ge Heterostructure Nanowires as Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes
Here, we report the application of axially heterostructured nanowires consisting of alternating segments of silicon and germanium with a tin seed as lithium-ion battery anodes. During repeated lithiation and delithiation, the heterostructures completely rearrange into a porous network of homogeneously alloyed Si1–xGex ligaments. The transformation was characterized through ex situ TEM, STEM, and Raman spectroscopy. Electrochemical analysis was conducted on the heterostructure nanowires with discharge capacities in excess of 1180 mAh/g for 400 cycles (C/5) and capacities of up to 613 mAh/g exhibited at a rate of 10 C.